A country is defined by its size and population. Well, that’s the traditional sense of a country. And a country also features a majority of the population of a specific ethnic group. Presently, with over 194 countries you might think any area with a large land mass can be equated as a country. However, you will be astonished to know fact that there are some countries that have a land mass of less than 400 square kilometers. Furthermore, they are not just limited to a piece of land, they consist of actual governments, indigenous cultures. So without further a due let me introduce you to the smallest countries in the world.
Grenada: 344 square km:
Also famously known as “The Island of Spice”. Grenada is an Island nation located in the Caribbean. It is the largest manufacturer of mace crops and nutmeg. In 1649 Grenada was colonized by the French imperialists. As a result, the influence of French culture and tradition is visible throughout the country. In the recent years, Grenada has become a popular tourist destination among the travelers. People admire its French colonial architecture and art. And people of Grenada are very fond of playing Cricket.
Malta: 316 square km:
In the ninth spot is another Island nation, Malta. Located between the Mediterranean sea. Three main islands complete the Republic of Malta, Gozo, Comino, and Malta itself. Furthermore, the country holds a population of about 450,000 inhabitants. Which makes it one of the most densely populated countries. In addition, the country is also a popular tourist destination for its exotic destination and climate. Tourists gather from all around the world to visit some exotic beaches and to explore a rich history of over 7,000 years.
Maldives: 300 square km:
Located in the beautiful Indian Ocean. Maldives is the smallest Asian country both in terms of population and area. However, it consists of about 1,192 coral Islands spread over 90,00 sq.km. The Portuguese, the Dutch as well as the British empire has ruled over the Maldives. Later it became a completely independent country in 1965. Presently, Maldives is an attractive tourist destination with its massive exotic beaches and soothing climate.
Saint Kitts and Nevis: 261 square km:
Consisting of 2 Islands in the Caribbean. Saint Kitts and Nevis is in the seventh spot of our list. It is also famous as the Mother Colony of the West Indies. In the past, it had been a part of European colonies. Presently, its economy runs on tourism and agriculture. Furthermore, these islands are also famous for their huge reserve of exotic marine life. And the country has been one of the leading exporters of sugar for many centuries.
Liechtenstein: 160 Square km:
Completly covered by the beautiful Alps. Liechtenstein is a German speaking country located between Switzerland and Austria. Surprisingly, it has the lowest unemployment rate (1.5%) and ranks in the top for GDP per capita. However, this country is still ruled by a prince.
San Marino: 61 square km:
Claimed to be the oldest surviving sovereign state in the world. San Marino is also famous by the name Serene Republic of San Marino. In addition to that, it is also one the wealthiest nation in the world in term of GDP per capita. And it stands as the third smallest country in the Europe with a population of 30,000. San Marino has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world. Tourism sector remains the prime source of income of San Marino.
Tuvalu: 26 square km:
Situated in the Pacific Ocean near north east of Australia. Tuvalu boasts only 10,000 inhabitants and 8km of roads. Let me acknowledge you to the shocking fact that, Tuvalu has got only 1 hospital in its island. Earlier, it used to be a British territory during the days of British Empire. However, Tuvalu gained its independence in 1978. But sadly the nation remains less known among the tourists. Therefore, only a few people are interested in visiting that too for business purposes.
Nauru: 21 square km:
In the third spot, we got the nation of Nauru. Located in the east of Australia, Nauru is known to be the smallest island nation in the world. It is famous only for its phosphate resources. And tourism sector is next to none, creating a staggering 90% unemployed people. Furthermore, the nation is known to be the nation with most obese people in the world. As 97% of male and 93% of women are obese or facing overweight issues. This is due to the highest level of diabetes in any nation.
Monaco: 2 square km:
Situated in the French Rivera. Monaco is said to be one of the richest nations in the world. As a matter of fact, it holds the largest number of billionaires per capita in the world. People usually address this nation as the second Vegas. Accordingly, the country consists of various casinos, luxury shops etc. Tourists from all over the world visit Monaco specifically for gambling in its casinos. The residents of Monaco are mostly French speaking population. Approximately, the country holds a population of over 36,000 which makes it the most densely populated country in the world. Finally, for motorsport enthusiasts, the country holds a proper Formula 1 annual event with a circuit course of the city.
- Vatican: 0.44 square km: Vatican is on the top of our list. It is the Italian capital city of Rome. Vatican is also considered to be the center of the Catholic Church. St. Peter’s Basilica is the biggest church in the world present in Vatican. Furthermore, this small country remains a tourist as well pilgrim spot. You can spot beautiful art works of the Renaissance period along with beautiful sculptures. The members of the Roman Catholic Church around the world contribute to the income of this country. However, Vatican also generates massive revenue from its tourism industry. Their museums are some of the most overpriced museums in the world. In addition to that, Pope Francis the current torch bearer of Christianity pays frequent visits to the St. Peter’s Basilica church which further increases country’s popularity. In short, the country represents the cultural as well as the religious aspect of Europe.