Science

Interesting facts about planet earth

The Earth has been supporting countless life forms for millions of years. Humans are the most advanced race in the entire planet. And for millions of years, the Earth has seen various evolution and extinctions. Only those have survived who have managed to evolve themselves. So are you curious to know about our planet? Yeah, I know that you are very curious indeed to gather some quick information about planet earth. So without further a due let’s unfold interesting facts about planet earth.

Interesting facts about planet earth:

  1. Earth’s position in the solar system:

    Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is the only planet so far that supports an atmosphere with oxygen, Oceans. Furthermore, Earth is a terrestrial planet like Venus, Mercury, Mars. Its surface is rocky in nature.

  2. Earth is not a perfect sphere:

    Yes, you read that right. We have told countless times that our Earth is spherical in nature. But the truth is that our Earth is not a perfect sphere. The core of the Earth is responsible for the huge gravitational force. Thus it pulls the surface of the Earth towards its itself. This makes the shape of the Earth little bulge at the poles.

  3. The waistline of our planet:

    At the equator, if you take a long (really long) measuring tape. Then you will find a circumference of 40,075 kilometers.

  4. The Earth is moving:

    Okay, you might already know this fact well. The Earth is constantly rotating on its axis. However, our Earth is also moving (Revolving around the sun) at a very fast pace. As a matter of fact, our Earth moves at the fast speed of 1,000 miles per hour. You might not feel this movement while standing still in a certain place.

  5. The Earth revolves around the Sun:

    This is further explanation of the previous point. Our Earth tends to revolve around the Sun. For this reason, we get to witness various seasons. As the distance between the Earth and Sun changes over time.

  6. The age of Earth:

    Wise researchers have managed to calculate the age of our Earth. They have studied deeply about the oldest rock on the planet and about various meteorites. With all their calculations they have discovered that our Earth is about 4.54 billion years old.

  7. Our planet has been recycled:

    Yes, this is quite weird but our planet has been recycled. The surface of the earth transforms itself over time from sedimentary rocks to metamorphic rocks. However, this cycle is not a perfect cycle as it completely depends upon various properties of the region.

  8. Earthquakes are more deadly than moonquakes:

    Our Earth faces more massive ‘quakes’ than the moon. The quakes on the moon are less common and less intense if we compare them to Earth.

  9. The largest Earthquake ever recorded:

    Earth recorded the largest earthquake on March 28, 1964, at Alaska. It was a magnitude 9.2 which created massive sound and destruction in the region. The roads were completely cracked along with reinforced buildings. However, to be fair this is not the world’s largest earthquake. It was Chile which recorded 9.5 on the magnitude scale on May 22, 1960. It was completely devastating and ferocious.

  10. The hottest place on Earth:

    El Aziza, Libya is the hottest place on the planet. Scientists had recorded a whopping 57.8 degree Celsius on September 13, 1922.

  11. The coldest place on Earth:

    This place is no surprise for being the coldest place on earth. Yes, it Antarctica. Researchers have recorded a freezing temperature of minus 73 degrees centigrade. However, the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth’s surface came from Russia. At the Vostok Station where they have found a bone-chilling temperature of 89.2 degrees centigrade. This was recorded on July 21, 1983.

  12. The extreme continent:

    The southern continent Antarctica is an extreme continent. This ice cap contains 70 percent of Earth’s fresh water and 90 percent of ice. Due to its remote location and extreme terrain, Antarctica is considered as a dessert. For this reason, some regions in the continent receive just 2 inches of precipitation a year.

  13. The largest Stalagmite:

    The Spelunkers Ahoy is the largest Stalagmite in the world. It can be found in Cuba in the Cuevo San Martin Infierno. Furthermore, it rises 220 feet tall.

  14. Earth’s gravity is uneven:

    You must have read the fact that our Earth isn’t a perfect sphere. For this reason, our Earth has uneven gravity throughout its regions. For example, the Hudson Bay of Canada has lower gravity than other regions.

  15. The magnetic poles are creeping:

    The Earth’s magnetic field is determined by the hot liquid metals inside its core. And the flow of these liquid metal creates various electric currents. For this reason, the north pole has been creeping northward by more than a whopping 600 miles over the last hundred years. The poles are continuously migrating.

  16. The flip of poles:

    The poles of our planet flips on every 300,000 years. As a matter of fact, the magnetic poles start to wander away from their current magnetic property. Eventually, they switch their properties.

  17. There’s a competitor for the tallest mountain:

    You must know that the Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. However, in the recent times, scientists have estimated that Mauna Kea is the tallest peak. While measuring the height of Mount Everest we consider the sea level as the base. On another hand, if we measure it from the true base then surely Mauna Kea takes the prize of the tallest peak.

  18. Earth had two moons:

    Scientists have estimated that long time ago our Earth may have had two moons. However, it could have been a tiny moon with a span of about 750 miles. Furthermore, it used to orbit our planet before crashing into the other moon.

  19. Earth still may have a second moon:

    Presently, some scientists are claiming that our planet still has two moons. As they have recorded a space rock 3.3 meters wide. It orbits around the Earth. However, scientists have coined the term “temporary moon” instead of a permanent one. It is believed that Earth’s gravitational pull attracts various asteroids. And, when one of them comes near Earth they start orbiting our earth.

  20. The rocks can move:

    Ha Ha! Although they still remain non-living things. Over time some storms can move the rocks. Even if they weigh hundreds of pounds the strong winds can easily displace them from their current place.

  21. The first to sumit the Mount Everest:

    Reinhold Messner and Peter Habelar became the first to climb the Everest without the aid of any oxygen equipment. They did it on May 8, 1978.

  22. The long-chain of mountains in the sea:

    The mid-ocean chain of the mountain is the longest mountain range. And this chain of volcanic mountains spans up to 65,000 km. Furthermore, an average mountain of this range rises up to 18,000 feet.

  23. Largest living structures:

    The Coral reef is responsible for supporting most species per unit area. They are primarily made up of small coral polyps. Together they stand as the largest living structure on the planet.

  24. The deepest point on Earth:

    The Marina Trench is the deepest point on the planet. It is 10,916 meters below the sea level. That’s literally 10 kilometers deep. For this reason, it takes longer to for the scuba divers to reach this point.

  25. The lowest point on land:

    The Dead Sea between Jordan and Israel stands as the lowest point on land. In fact, the surface of the super salty lake is 423 meters below the sea level.

  26. Exploding lakes:

    It’s no joke! There some deadly lakes in Cameroon which stands above the volcanic earth. Nyos, Monoun, and Kivi are the three deadly lakes. Furthermore, the magma below the surface of the lakes releases a huge amount of carbon dioxide into the lakes. This ultimately results in huge carbon dioxide-rich layers above the lakebed. As a result, this layer often explodes.

  27. Earth is losing fresh water:

    The changes in the climate have resulted in the meltdown of the glaciers. This has further contributed to the rise of the sea levels. Human activities are the main reason behind the changes in the climate.

  28. The glaciers are also melting:

    The human race has been notorious for torturing the planet. We have conducted various nuclear tests which further increased the level of radioactivity. And, I don’t need to aware you about the use of fossil fuel and their harmful effects. Over time the average temperature has raised. Thus, our glaciers are also melting due to increase in temperature.

  29. Earth was purple:

    Yes, this is no joke. Scientists have estimated that in the ancient days our earth was in fact purple instead of green. Ancient microbes were dependent upon some other agent than chlorophyll (green in nature) to capture the sun’s rays. For this reason, most of the plant of that time were purple instead of green.

  30. Earth has its own electricity:

    Thunder and lightning are the major part of any storm. In fact, a lightning strike can produce 30,000 degrees Celsius. So it can be a huge source to generate power.

  31. There’s more water than land:

    About 70 percent of Earth’s surface is covered with Ocean. Furthermore, it is said that humans have only explored 5 percent of the seas. 95 percent of the sea remains unexplored.

  32. The planet is full of gold:

    It is widely estimated that our planet contains more than 20 million tons of gold. However, most of the gold is diluted in the sea water. Only some portion of that gold is tucked in rocks on the seabed.

  33. Our Planet is covered with cosmic dust:

    Earth gets 100 tons of small dust from outer space. This tiny dust comes from comets as they get vaporized near the sun.

  34. Earth treks around a star: The sun is that star. Our planet is about 150 million kilometers away from the Sun. However, Earth revolves around the sun which further changes seasons. It takes about 8 minutes and 19 seconds for the sun to touch our planet through its rays.
  35. The moon collided with something big:

    The scientists have estimated that some large celestial object crashed into our Earth. Later, this collision resulted in the formation of the moon. However, it is still unclear whether it was a planet, comet or an asteroid.

  36. We were one:

    Long ago, about 4.5 billion years ago our Earth only had one supercontinent. However, with the drift of time, it got torn apart into several pieces of lands.

  37. How mountains were created:

    The shifting tectonic plates have created the mountains that we see today. For example, the Himalayas with a stretch of 29,00 km is the result of this phenomenon. The creation of these mountain ranges started about 50 million years ago.

  38. The most active volcano:

    Presently, Kilauea volcano in Hawaii is the most active volcano in the world. This volcano erupts quite frequently.

  39. The largest volcanic eruption:

    It took place in April 1815 at Mount Tambora. The explosion was so loud that it is estimated that it was heard even on Sumatra Island (1,930 km away). Over 71,000 people died in this explosion. The clouds from the explosion remained for days.

  40. The coastlines on earth are overcrowded:

    The coastlines encompass about 20 percent of the U.S. A’s land mass. For this reason, over 50 percent of US population is living in the coastlines.

  41. The biggest basin:

    The Pacific Ocean stands as the largest basin. It covers an estimated area of about 59 million square miles. In fact, it holds more than half of the free water on our planet. The ocean is huge that all the continents of earth could easily fit in it.

  42. The largest tree:

    The giant sequoia is known to be largest stem tree in the world. It has a huge trunk of 1486 cubic meters.

  43. The largest living thing on the planet:

    Armillaria is the largest living organism on the planet. In 1992 the scientists discovered this fungus that covers over 2,200 acres in Oregon. However, scientists have argued that this huge organism are not clones of each other instead of being a single organism.

  44. The smallest mammal:

    There are many small animals in the world. But Kitty’s hog-nosed bat is the smallest mammal on the planet. You can find them in the Southeast Asia. These small creatures are only 1-inch-long and they weigh about 2 grams.

  45. The most crowded city:

    You might think about Mumbai, Tokyo or even New York. But Manila stands as the most densely populated city in the world. For this reason, the city feels crammed into a small city. It is estimated that over 1,660,714 people lived in just 14.8 square miles.

  46. The country with most open space:

    If you happen to like solace then Greenland is the place for you. According to a census, Greenland has the least population density. Only 56,534 people live in a huge area of 836,330 miles. Moreover, the people of Greenland like to live near the coastline.

  47. The driest place on earth:

    The Atacama Desert is the driest place on earth. Rain has never been recorded in this desert.

  48. The first person to reach the south pole:

    Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the south pole. He and four other men successfully managed to reach the pole with the help sleds pulled by dogs.

  49. Identical planets like earth:

    Recently the curious scientists have found that there are more planets like the earth. There is logical evidence to prove this fact as many planets orbits distant start. Just like our earth orbits the sun. The alien planet Kepler 22-b is one of the prominent examples of this theory. However, whether they hold any lifeform is the biggest question.

  50. Our sky is full of dancing light:

    Okay, I’m not going to narrate some fairy tale in front of you guys. Instead, it is a scientific fact that the sunlight charges the dust particles in our solar system. Therefore, the dust particle gets illuminated.

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