Harvard University was established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature and soon thereafter named for John Harvard after its first benefactor. It’s a private Ivy League research university located in in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Harvard is a 3rd best university in the world, first in Life Sciences, Medicine & Social Science, Management courses. Also, its financial endowment is largest among all educational institutions.
Brief History of Harvard University
Before 18th-century Harvard University was primarily a primarily an Institute to train Congregational and Unitarian clergy. Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century. And by the 19th century, Harvard had emerged as the central cultural establishment among Boston elites. After the American Civil War, the college and affiliated professional schools transformed into a modern research university. Harvard was a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. James Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College.
How big is it?
With 5,457 acres, 11 principal academic units – ten faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study is an empire in itself. It houses around twenty-two thousand students and 4350 faculty members. It has the largest academic library in the world—includes 20.4 million volumes, 180,000 serial titles, an estimated 400 million manuscript items, 10 million photographs, 124 million archived web pages, and 5.4 terabytes of born-digital archives and manuscripts. Access to this rich collection is provided by nearly 800 library staff members who operate more than 70 separate library units. To the surprise of many, it also has its own Museums which have more than 28 million works of art, artifacts, specimens, materials, and instruments. They welcome more than 650,000 local, national, and international visitors each year.
Over the years, Harvard has produced more than 3.7 lakh living alumni. This alumni base includes – eight U.S. presidents, several foreign heads of state, 62 living billionaires, 359 Rhodes Scholars, and 242 Marshall Scholars. Apart from that, it has 48 Nobel Laureates, 32 heads of state and 48 Pulitzer Prize winners in its kitty.
How much it Costs?
The total 2016-2017 cost of attending Harvard College without financial aid is $43,280 for tuition. And $63,025 for tuition, room, board, and fees combined. But it also has very generous grants in form of scholarships. Since 2007, Harvard’s investment in financial aid has climbed by more than 75 percent, from $96.6 million to $170 million per year. More than 55 percent of Harvard College students receive scholarship aid, and the average grant this year is $50,000. For foreign students also the University has huge funds to offer for deserving candidates.
How difficult is it to make it?
Undergraduate admission to Harvard is characterized by the Carnegie Foundation as “more selective, lower transfer-in”. Harvard College accepted 5.2% of applicants for the class of 2012. It was a record low and the second lowest acceptance rate among all national universities. The freshman class entering in the fall of 2017 will be the first to be predominantly (50.8%) nonwhite. The University is primarily a postgraduate & research institute with 69% students in higher studies & rest in graduate courses.To get admission a SAT score in the range of 720-800 is required. But it varies from year to year & course to course. University also accepts GRE & GMAT scores for foreign national students.