The word “photography” is made up of two Greek words, photos, “light”, and Grapho, to “write”. This is a good name for the process; for the picture we get in a photograph has been, literally, drawn by the light of the sun. It is a picture taken by means of the chemical action of the light on a sensitized film; a “light picture”.
Photographs and paintings:
What is the difference between photography and painting? To begin with, painting is a fine art; and only people who have a natural gift for that art can produce paintings of any merit. To produce really great paintings calls for real genius, and certain great artists have won immortal fame by their beautiful paintings. Painters like the Italian Raphael and Tintoretto, the French Corot, the Flemish Rubens, the English Turner, and Reynolds, were great geniuses; and but genius could have produced their great pictures.