His Early Life
- Born December 18, 1879
- Village of Gori, Georgi, Russian Empire
- Original name Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili
- Had smallpox as a child. For this reason, left his face scarred and his left arm slightly deformed.
- treated cruelly by other children for his differences
- developed a quest for greatness and respect and a cruel streak for those who crossed him
- When he was 16, Joseph came into contact with Messame Dassy
- secret organization, that supported Georgian independence from Russia.
- some of the members were socialists. In fact, they introduced him to the writing of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.
- joined the Social Democratic Labor Party
- worked full-time for the revolutionary movement
- arrested for Labor strike and exiled to Siberia
- adopted the name “Stalin”, meaning steel in Russian
He was the Communist Party Leader
- The Soviet government was in the middle of a struggle for power after the revolution
- There was a fight for control. However, in 1922 Stalin was appointed to become the general secretary of the Communist Party.
- In 1924 Lennin died and Stalin’s tyrannical traits started. Stalin wanted full dictatorship and control over Soviet Russia.
- At first, Joseph Stalin had people sent into exile or had people arrested.
- Stalin saw that this was not giving him full power over the people, so he decided to have people killed which became a reign of terror.
- Joseph Stalin killed 2 million Russians and non-Russians that went against Stalin’s rule. Furthermore, these people became political prisoners.
- In the 20’s and 30’s Stalin seized land that had been granted to peasants. These poor peasants became even poorer and turned back to serfs like they were during the monarchy reign.
- Stalin sent these serfs to do hard forced labor. Accordingly, two million of these serfs died from the intensity and conditions forced labor or by starvation.
Communist party of Soviet Union
- Stalin wanted to further industrialize Russia. Furthermore, more industrialization means more workers, which means more of the serfs were sent to do forced labor. In fact, Stalin would either collect the serfs or any people resistant to him and exile them into his harsh gulags or he would have them executed.
- Stalin’s gulags were forced harsh labor camps with abominable conditions.
- At the very beginning of World War II, in 1939. Accordingly, Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact with Adolf Hitler from Germany.
- In spite of that, Adolf Hitler still bombed Soviet Russia in June 1941. In fact, Stalin knew Hitler could not be trusted.
- Stalin had deep suspicions of the West since the inception of the Soviet Union.
- Stalin had meetings with Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt
- put Stalin in a powerful position that allowed him to reorganize their governments
- Stalin agreed to enter the war against Japan. Once Germany was defeated
- Stalin became obsessed with the threat that the West produced
- Created a “buffer zone” between Western Europe and “mother Russia”
His Death and Legacy
- Health began to deteriorate in the early 1950’s
- ordered the head of the secret police to instigate a new purge of the Communist party
- after an assassination plot was uncovered
- died before it could be executed
- Stalin died on March 5, 1953
- left a legacy of death and terror