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Fascinating facts about India: 70th Independence day

On 15 August 2017 India hoisted its flag and celebrated the independence day for the 70th time. The struggle for the freedom was not an easy affair. Millions gave their lives fighting against the British. But on 15 August 1947, they finally managed to overthrow the British government from their land. Over the 70 years, India has developed at a rapid rate. From famine to Mars orbiter, the journey has been long and hard. India has faced various wars from neighboring countries like Pakistan and China. Furthermore, India has helped in the formation of Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan). In the recent times, India has become a nuclear power and a developing country. Soon it will also compete for the Western countries as well. So here are some fascinating facts about India.

Fascinating facts about India:

  1. India has huge population:

    India ranks the second in terms of population after China. Presently, India has a population over 1.2 billion. However, it is very likely that India will surpass China soon.

  2. India is huge:

    India is the seventh largest country in the world. For this reason, India is able to support such a huge population.

  3. Huge work force:

    Experts have predicted that in the next three years over 25 percent people working in the whole world will be Indian.

  4. Million millionaires:

    It is quite ironic that India has over a million millionaires. The gap between the rich and powerful is so huge though. As a matter of fact, the majority of the people are living on a poverty level.

  5. The various language:

    It is a famous saying that in India language changes in every 2 km. Although Hindi remains the most used language in the country. But there are many popular languages used in various regions of the country. For example, Tamil, Telegu, Kannada, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi etc.

  6. The value of PI:

    Ancient Indian mathematician Baudhayana first calculated the value of PI. Furthermore, he is also responsible for the discovery of other mathematical theorems.

  7. The first University:

    It is believed that the first University in the world started in Takshila in 700 B.C. The university offered thousands of students from all over the world various subjects to study.

  8. India has the largest postal system:

    The British made this possible, India has the largest postal system in the world. In the modern days of digitalization, India is still utilizing the older means of communication.

  9. The Indian Railways:

    India features the Second largest train network in the world. However, the Indian Railways stands as the largest civilian employer in the world.

  10. The city of Varanasi:

    Varanasi stands as the oldest habituated city in the world. In fact, Buddha visited the city in 500 B.C. Quite an old city!

  11. The wonder of the world:

    Taj Mahal is the ultimate from the seven wonders of the world. Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor built it in the memory of his wife. Well, that’s called love!

  12. A variety of food:

    India is famous for its huge variety of cuisine. In fact, you will find completely different cuisine once you move from one state to another. Cooking is a crucial part of Indian culture and tradition. For this reason, some meals often take hours to prepare. Festivals and gathers often consist of the best cuisine.

  13. The road network:

    Being the seventh largest country in the world, India has world’s largest road network. There are over 1.9 million miles of roads covering India.

  14. The invention of chess:

    The famous game of chess was invented in India. In fact, in the early days, it was known as “Chaturanga” (Four members of an army).

  15. The name of the country:

    In the ancient days, India was known as Bharat Ganarajya. It was the British who later renamed the country as India. However, many people still call their country Bharat.

  16. How the British named it:

    The name comes from the Indus river, which is famous for consisting the earliest settlers in the country. You must have heard about the Indus valley as one of the world’s oldest civilization.

  17. The British colonization:

    The British empire ruled over India for over 200 years. They established their East India Company.

  18. The Independence:

    India gained its independence from the British on August 15, 1947.

  19. The form of government:

    There is a parliamentary system in India. Furthermore, India is a federal constitutional republic. Presently, there are 29 states and 7 union territories in India.

  20. The capital of India:

    Though the capital shifted time to time during the British reign. But, presently New Delhi is the capital of India. It also remains the center of government.

  21. The place of Diamonds:

    India was very popular for its Diamond mines. In fact, it was the only place where diamonds had been officially founded. But after 1986 more diamond mines were found over the world.

  22. Multilingual country:

    Earlier also I have mentioned that India consists of various languages. But did you know the fact most of the languages have various dialects? Furthermore, on average a person could speak at least two languages.

  23. The recognized languages in India

    : Again language is a very important factor in India. Presently, there are 22 recognized languages in India. However, Hindi and English are the standard languages spoken over the country.

  24. English speakers

    : The British empire may have collapsed but they left their language to India. Presently, India has the largest English speakers in the world. This is due to the high population and English education system of the country.

  25. Its borders

    : India shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and Bangladesh. However, India also shares its Ocean with Sri Lanka and Maldives.

  26. Exports

    : From thousands of years India has been the leading exporter of textiles. Presently, India also exports steel, agricultural goods much more.

  27. India has beauties

    : Our India has managed to win two Miss Universe and five Miss World titles. India is also famous for its beauty queens mainly from its Bollywood and models.

  28. India has more young people

    : It is estimated that 50% of Indian population is younger than 25. Furthermore, more than 65% below 35. Therefore, the average Indian population is much younger than most other countries.

  29. Home of old civilizations

    : India is famous for some of the oldest and longlasting civilizations. It is said that early empires from India were larger than other empires of that time like Egypt and Mesopotamia.

  30. India is a peace loving country

    : From its establishment, India has never invaded any country. However, it was invaded by many other countries and rulers. For example, Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan etc. In modern age also India faced many wars from neighboring countries like Pakistan. But India never invaded their land.

  31. The Bollywood

    : India has the largest movie industry in the world. The Bollywood is the prominent movie industry in the nation. In addition to that, there are several more industries that contribute to the movies. The worldwide distribution of its movies makes it popular all over the world.

  32. The Holy Writings

    : India has its Vedic Scriptures, which was very important for the development of its mankind. It is said that its scripture date to 2000-500 BC.

  33. The invention of Zero

    : This is a well-known fact about India. But we cannot ignore the fact that the number and concept of Zero were invented in India.

  34. Home to Ancient buildings

    : India is famous for its ancient architecture. All over the country, you will find ancient buildings and structures. These structures resemble various ages and time periods.various ages and time periods.

  35. The IT department

    : Presently, India is the home to largest number of engineers in the world. In fact, Hotmail and the famous Intel Pentium chip was invented by Indians. In the recent years, there has been a boom in the IT department with the introduction of computers and smartphones. Furthermore, big software giants from the US are recruiting a huge number of Indians.

  36. The huge school: India is also the home to world’s largest Montessori school. It consists of over 26,000 students.
  37. The national fruit of India

    : Mango remains the national fruit of India. However, India is not the largest mango exporter in the world. But you will be astonished to know that every year India grows over 12 million tons of mangoes. To put that into a different perspective, that equivalent to 2400 Asian Elephants!

  38. India grows cotton

    : India is famous as the earliest producer of cotton. In fact, the Mongol and Romans wore clothes made of Indian cotton.

  39. India produces beans

    : The nation is known to produce highest dried beans than any other country. India produces a huge variety of kidney beans and chick peas.

  40. Bananas and India 

    : India is the largest exporter of bananas. Yes, you read that right not even Brazil comes close when it comes to producing bananas.

  41. India produces milk:

    After the White Revolution in India, India became the largest producer of milk in the world.

  42. Tea is the national drink:

    The British brought tea to the country. However, now India produces more tea than any other nation. Tea is widely drunk in India; every corner of the street has a small tea stall.

  43. The land of spices:

    Most of the foreign colonial powers like the Portuguese, Dutch, and the British came to India for its spices. India is the home to a large variety of spices. The British also exported a huge amount of pepper from India to their country.

  44. Staple food:

    The staple food in north India is mainly wheat based. While in the south it is rice based.

  45. Lucky color:

    People of India considers the Red color to be auspicious. For this reason, red is usually worn at weddings and other festivals.

  46. Largest vegetarians:

    India consists of largest amount of vegetarians in the world. Most people are vegetarian due to religious reasons.

  47. No spoon:

    Still, most of the Indians eat without any silverware. This enhances the taste of the food.

  48. One-time zone:

    Despite having such a huge landmass India has a one-time zone. This makes it quite weird when one can see Sun rise earlier (by hours) in the eastern regions. While the neighboring countries have 30minute time difference, making it a complicated time zone.

  49. The wettest part of the earth:

    Cherrapunji remains the wettest part of the earth. As a matter of fact, it receives an annual rainfall of 425 inches every year. The only closest competitor is the rainforest of South America.

  50. The highest peak in the world:

    The Himalayan range of mountains includes the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest. The Mount Everest stands at a height of 23,600 ft.

  51. The Sacred River:

    Over hundreds of years, the river Ganga has been the sacred river among the Hindus. For this reason, it has the most populated river basin in the world.

  52. Huge coastline:

    The coastline of India is stretched for 3,400 miles. However, if you include the islands then the coastline reaches 4,700 miles.

  53. Mangrove region:

    The Sundarbans in India is the largest block of mangrove in the world. Over 1/3 of the Sundarbans falls in India. While the rest falls in Bangladesh. Furthermore, Sundarbans is also the reserve for the Royal Bengal Tiger.

  54. India has jungles:

    Presently, about 12 percent of the landmass is encompassed with jungle. However, India still has a huge variety of flora and fauna.

  55. Heritage Sites:

    No doubt that India is unique. Presently, there are 27 UNESCO heritage sites in India. These protected areas help to preserve the history and culture of India.

  56. Protected wildlife:

    In the recent times, India has worked really hard to preserve some endangered wildlife. As a matter of fact, there are more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries and 13 reserves in India.

  57. Geographical diversity:

    You must know that India has cultural diversity. But India also consists of Geographical diversity. India consists of sand beaches, mountain ranges, desert, rock beaches etc. A resident of India can enjoy every kind of climate in his own nation without visiting any foreign country.

  58. Various climate:

    India has four major groups of climate; tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid and mountain. Furthermore, there are four seasons in India: Summer, Winter, monsoon and post monsoon.

  59. The Vishnu Temple:

    Located in Tirupathi, it is the most visited pilgrimage place in the world. In fact, it even surpasses Mecca or the Vatican in a number of visitors.

  60. Lotus Temple:

    Located in Delhi and made from marble. Lotus temple consists of 27 petals. People all over the world praise it for its artistic value.

  61. The Humayun’s Tomb:

    It was the first gardentomb in the world. The tomb was built for the Emperor Humayun, but later it also housed the graves for his wife and other important Mughals.

  62. Largest Religious Gathering:

    The Maha Kumbh Mela is the largest religious gathering in the world. It happens in every twelve years in Allahabad.

  63. Brihadeeswara Temple:

    It is the largest temple in India. You will find a 13ft statue of Nandi. The construction of the entire temple is made of granite. Furthermore, it is said that this temple is over 1000 years old.

  64. Highest cricket ground:

    India also has the highest cricket ground in the world. It is located in Himachal Pradesh at over 2,400 meters above the sea level.

  65. It is the largest democracy:

    India is the largest democracy in the world. In fact, it has one of the highest voter turnouts in the world.

  66. The meaning of its national flag:

    You must have seen the ‘tri colored’ Indian flag. But do you know the meaning its colors? Firstly, the color saffron resembles courage and sacrifice. Secondly, the color white represents truth, peace, and purity. Lastly, the color green resembles prosperity. In addition, the Ashok Chakra resembles righteousness.

  67. The National Emblem:

    The Sarnath Lion consisting of four lions resembles the national emblem of India. Furthermore, it is known to symbolize courage, strength, and confidence.

  68. The National animal:

    The Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India. However, in the recent times, it is nearly extinct. But measures have been taken to preserve it in national reserves.

  69. The National bird:

    The Peacock remains the national bird of India. You can see them in many parks and zoos in India.

  70. The Ganges River Dolphin:

    This species of dolphins are found specifically in the river Ganges. However, due to their rareness, they are in constant danger of extinction.

  71. The National flower:

    The Lotus is the national flower of India. It is a very common flower that can be found in most of the water bodies in India.

  72. The National Tree:

    The Bunyan tree is the national tree of India. In fact, it has been featured in many myths and legends of India.

  73. Gold:

    India is the largest buyer of Gold. Furthermore, Gold plays a crucial role in the Indian culture. People usually gifts golds in weddings and other major events.

  74. The Largest city:

    Mumbai is the largest city in India. It consists of over 15 million people. Furthermore, people often say that it is the city which never sleeps.

  75. Religious place:

    India is a religious land. It is the home to major religions in the world. You will find many followers of Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc.

  76. A Hindu land:

    The majority is Hindu population. Therefore, most of the religious functions are Hindu.

  77. Mosques in India:

    India is home to a countless number of mosques. In fact, India has more mosques than any other nation in the world. India consists of a large Islamic population.

  78. The importance of cows:

    The cow is considered to be a sacred animal in India. The cows often wear a tilak as a sign of good fortune. However, you will find that cows can freely roam around the cities and towns.

  79. Snakes and ladders:

    The popular game of snakes and ladders was invented in India. The lesson behind the game was virtue vs. vices.

  80. Music:

    Music has been an integral part of Indian culture. There are dozens of music styles in India. And you will find a countless number of musical instruments in India.

  81. Cricket:

    The English brought the game of cricket to India. However, after the independence, it became the dominant form of sport in the country. People often gather in parks and small fields to play the game of cricket.

  82. The National Game:

    Hockey is the national game of India. India has won several golds in hockey. However, in the recent times, the game has lost its importance to Cricket.

  83. India in the field of mathematics:

    India has contributed immensely in the field of mathematics. Trigonometry, calculus, and algebra are some notable contributions by India. In fact, the decimal system was introduced in 100 B.C.

  84. Navigation:

    You should know that the word navigation itself came from Sanskrit. The first navigators made their way along the Sindh River 6000 years ago.

  85. India and medical science:

    India was the first country where surgeries took place 2600 years ago. The Ayurveda is world famous for its medicinal value.

  86. India and business:

    Many international companies are founded and run by Indians. For example, Sun Microsystems was co-founded by Vinod Khosla.

  87. Outsourcing:

    More than half of the outsourced IT department in the world come from India. Therefore, it is a large industry and a big part of the Indian economy.

  88. India and software:

    India is one of the largest software exporters. Presently, India is exporting to over 60 countries.

  89. The color white and India:

    The color white is often worn for funerals according to the Indian traditions. People believe that color white signifies peace. However, in the western countries, the color black is worn in the funerals.

  90. India and family:

    A family life is a crucial part of the Indian culture. For this reason, many the majority of the people still live in joint families.

  91. The land of festivals:

    India celebrates countless festivals. Diwali is the most popular festival. However, Holi, Durga Puja, and Ganesh Chaturthi are also important festivals.

  92. Diwali:

    This festival is celebrated for five days. And it includes a huge variety of traditions. Firecrackers and lighting are the main part of this festival.

  93. Holi:

    This is a festival of colors. People often play it with various colors and water. Furthermore, they often enjoy various delicacies and sweets.

  94. Durga Puja:

    This festival is mostly celebrated in the eastern states of India. However, you will also find some celebrations in the metropolitans.

  95. Ganesh Chaturthi:

    A festival that last lasts for ten days. Hindus pray to Lord Ganesh with various colorful decorations.

  96. Rakhi:

    Sisters tie a holy threat to their brothers. And the brothers vow to protect their sisters.

  97. Yoga:

    The Yoga originated from India. Presently, yoga is a worldwide form of exercise. It relaxes our body and provides peace. Meditation is known for solace.

  98. Martial arts:

    Many would associate martial arts with China and Japan. But did you know that all the major forms of martial arts have their origins in India? Some monks did the work of spreading them through various nations.

  99. Raziya Sultana:

    She was the only woman ruler of the Mughal period. However, she had to dress as a man.

  100. Dress in India:

    Most of the Indian women wears traditional Sari or salwar kameez. However, in the recent times, there has been a major western influence in their dressing. Men in India wears general western clothing. Though, in some festival, they prefer to wear some ethnic clothing as well.

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